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  • Gene/Protein: OCA2 D15S12 P
  • Product Description: Immunotag™ P Polyclonal Antibody
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Immunotag™ P Polyclonal Antibody
Antibody Specification
Target Protein P
Clonality Polyclonal
Storage/Stability -20°C/1 year
Application WB,ELISA
Recommended Dilution WB 1:500-2000 ELISA 1:5000-20000
Concentration 1 mg/ml
Reactive Species Human
Host Species Rabbit
Immunogen Synthesized peptide derived from human protein . at AA range: 230-310
Specificity P Polyclonal Antibody detects endogenous levels of protein.
Purification The antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen
Form Liquid in PBS containing 50% glycerol, and 0.02% sodium azide.
Gene Name OCA2 D15S12 P
Accession No. Q04671 Q62052
Description OCA2 melanosomal transmembrane protein(OCA2) Homo sapiens This gene encodes the human homolog of the mouse p (pink-eyed dilution) gene. The encoded protein is believed to be an integral membrane protein involved in small molecule transport, specifically tyrosine, which is a precursor to melanin synthesis. It is involved in mammalian pigmentation, where it may control skin color variation and act as a determinant of brown or blue eye color. Mutations in this gene result in type 2 oculocutaneous albinism. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014],
Protein Expression Skin,
Subcellular Localization cytoplasm,lysosomal membrane,endoplasmic reticulum membrane,endosome membrane,integral component of membrane,melanosome membrane,
Protein Function disease:Defects in OCA2 are the cause of oculocutaneous albinism type 2 (OCA2) [MIM:203200]. OCA2 is an autosomal recessive form of albinism, a disorder of pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. The phenotype of patients with OCA2 is typically somewhat less severe than in those with tyrosinase-deficient OCA1. There are several forms of OCA2, from typical OCA to relatively mild 'autosomal recessive ocular albinism' (AROA). OCA2 is the most prevalent type of albinism throughout the world.,disease:Human pigmentation, including eye color, has been associated with skin cancer risk.,disease:The gene OCA2 is localized to chromosome 15 at 15q11.2-q12, a region associated with Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes, suggesting that altered expression of the OCA2 gene may be responsible for the hypopygmentation phenotype exhibited by certain individuals with these disorders.,function:Could be involved in the transport of tyrosine, the precursor to melanin synthesis, within the melanocyte. Regulates the pH of melanosome and the melanosome maturation. One of the components of the mammalian pigmentary system. Seems to regulate the post-translational processing of tyrosinase, which catalyzes the limiting reaction in melanin synthesis. May serve as a key control point at which ethnic skin color variation is determined. Major determinant of brown and/or blue eye color.,online information:P mutations,online information:Questioning colour -Issue 54 of January 2005,online information:Retina International's Scientific Newsletter,polymorphism:Genetic variations in OCA2 are associated with skin/hair/eye pigmentation variability type 1 (SHEP1) [MIM:227220]; also known as skin/hair/eye pigmentation type 1, blue/nonblue eyes or skin/hair/eye pigmentation type 1, blue/brown eyes or skin/hair/eye pigmentation type 1, blond/brown hair or eye color, brown/blue or eye color, blue/nonblue or eye color type 3 (EYCL3) or brown eye color type 2 (BEY2) or hair color type 3 (HCL3). Hair, eye and skin pigmentation are among the most visible examples of human phenotypic variation, with a broad normal range that is subject to substantial geographic stratification. In the case of skin, individuals tend to have lighter pigmentation with increasing distance from the equator. By contrast, the majority of variation in human eye and hair color is found among individuals of European ancestry, with most other human populations fixed for brown eyes and black hair.,similarity:Belongs to the citM (TC 2.A.11) transporter family.,
Usage For Research Use Only! Not for diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Material Safety Data Sheet

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